Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences - Department of Chemistry

Introduction to Analytical Chemistry

Intro: What is Analytical Chemistry? The analytical process, example with experiments. SI-units: meter, kilogram, second, temperature, candela, mol, nomenclature in concentration, errors in measurements, systematic vs. random errors, significant numbers, first steps in error propagation, gaussian distribution, mean values, standard deviation, variance, student factor, q-test, control charts, calibration: internal, external, standard addition, chemical equilibrium, equilibrium and thermodynamics, in short: enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs free energy; Le Chatelier Principle, solubility product, common ion effect, complex formation, activity, ionic strength, solvent atmosphere, pH definition, weak bases and acids, buffers,

General textbooks of Analytical Chemistry:

D.C. Harris: Lehrbuch der Quantitative Analyse/Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Vieweg/Freeman
Skoog/Leary: Instrumentelle Analytik, Springer
M. Otto: Analytische Chemie, Wiley-VCh

further suggested reading:

IUPAC, (I.Mills,T.Cvkitas,K.Homann,N.Kallay,K Kuchitsu) Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, Blackwell
R.Kellner, J.M. Mermet, M. Otto, H.M. Widmer, Analytical Chemistry, Wiley-VCh