Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences - Department of Chemistry

Structure and Reactivity of Organic Compounds, Part 2

Chemistry of carbonyl compounds II: C-nucleophiles, enolates, enolether, enamines, C-H acidity, cyanhydrines, ethinylation, aldol condensation, C-nucleophiles, acyloin condensation, umpolung, benzoin-condensation, Knoevenagel condensation, ester condensation and its reversibility, Mannich Reaction, Wittig reaction, Horner reaction, Grignard reaction, Michael-type reactions, Robinson annelation, enolates, LDA, epimerisation, C- vs. O-alkylation, enolether, Mukayama reaction, enamines.

Chemistry of carbonyl compounds III: Carboxylic acid derivatives, acidity, esterhydrolysis, azeotropic esterification, anhydrides, carboxylic acid chlorides, amides, coupling reagents, diazomethane, phosphoric and phosphonic acid derivatives, slfonic acid derivatives.

Redox-reactions in organic chemistry: Oxidative state, oxidations of methyl- and methylene-groups, seleniumdioxide, oxidation of alkohols and aldehydes, Swern-oxidation, Jones-oxidation, TEMPO, periodates, quinones, alkene oxidation, dihydroxylation, epoxidation, oxidative cleavage, catalytic hydrogenation, hydrides, sterical Effects.

Rearrangement reactions: Pinacolon rearrangement, Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement, Hoffman, Lossen, Curtius, Schmidt, Beckmann, Bayer-Villiger, Arndt-Eistert Reaction, Favorsky rearrangement.

Pericyclic reactions and frontier orbital theory: Electrocyclic reactions, sigmatropic reactions, cycloadditions, cheletropic reactions.

Stereoelectronic effects: Rearrangements, Felkin-Anh, nucleophilic addition, anomeric effect, Baldwin rules.

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