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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Mathematisch-Naturwissen­schaft­liche Fakultät - Institut für Chemie

Publications

Selected publications of Wolfgang Rettig
arranged to cover the following research topics:

  • Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer (TICT) states: The dual fluorescence of DMABN and the large diversity of TICT forming compound families
    • Reviews
    • DMABN: Mechanistic studies of charge transfer reactions: Solvation, free volume effects, reaction free enthalpy, dimensionality of the reaction trajectory
    • Diphenyl- and Triphenylmethane dyes and bridged model compounds
    • Charge Transfer in biaryls and other compounds
  • Applicational aspects of adiabatic photoreactions
    • Reviews
    • Fluorescence probes of polymers necessitating different reaction free volume
    • Analytical fluorescence probes for metal ions
    • Control of Photoacidity
    • Optimization of Fluorescence Quantum Yields
    • Fluorescence Solar Concentrators
  • Ultracold molecules in the gas phase: Supersonic jet studies
  • The Photophysics of Stilbene and polymethine derivatives: Single versus double bond twisting
  • Studies related to the primary process of vision and to other biological processes

 

image1.jpgTwisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer (TICT) states: The dual fluorescence of DMABN and the large diversity of TICT forming compound families

 

Reviews

Charge Separation in Excited States of Decoupled Systems - TICT Compounds and Implications Regarding the Development of New Laser Dyes and the Primary Processes of Vision and Photosynthesis, W. Rettig,
Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. Engl. 25 (1986) 971-988

Photophysics of Internal Twisting, E. Lippert, W. Rettig, V. Bonacic-Koutecký, F. Heisel, J.A. Miehé, Advances in Chemical Physics, 68 (1987) 1-173

Charge Transfer in Self-Decoupling Pi Systems, W. Rettig in "Modern Models of Bonding and Delocalization", J. Liebman and A. Greenberg, Ed., VCH Publishers, New York, 1988, ch 5, p. 229 - 282

Photoinduced Charge Separation via Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer States W. Rettig in: Topics in Current Chemistry, Electron Transfer I, Ed.:J. Mattay, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Vol. 169 (1994) 253-299

Conformational Changes Accompanying Intramolecular Excited State Electron Transfer, W. Rettig, M. Maus in “Conformational Analysis of Molecules in Excited States”, ed. Jacek Waluk, Wiley-VCH, New York, Methods in Stereochemical Analysis Series, 2000, p. 1-55

Structural changes accompanying intramolecular electron transfer – focus on T.I.C.T. states and structures, Z.R. Grabowski, K. Rotkiewicz, W. Rettig Chemical Reviews, 103 (2003) 3899-4031

 

DMABN (p-N,N-dimethylaminobenzonitrile):
Mechanistic studies of charge transfer reactions: Dual fluorescence, solvation, free volume effects, reaction free enthalpy,dimensionality of the reaction trajectory


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On a possible Mechanism of the multiple fluorescence of p-N,N-dimethylaminobenzonitrile and related compounds, W. Rettig, V. Bonacic-Koutecky, Chem. Phys. Letters 62 (1979) 115-120

Photophysical primary processes in solutions of p-substituted dialkylanilines, W. Rettig, G. Wermuth, E. Lippert, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 83 (1979) 692-697

The dual fluorescence of p-substituted Dialkylanilines: The twist mechanism occurs even in inert solvents, G. Wermuth, W. Rettig, E. Lippert, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 85 (1981) 64-70

External and internal parameters affecting the dual fluorescence of p-cyano-dialkylanilines, W. Rettig, J. of Luminescence 26 (1981) 21-46

Application of a simplified microstructural solvent interaction model to the solvatochromism of Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer (TICT) states, W. Rettig, J. Molecular Structure 84 (1982) 303-27

Intramolecular rotational relaxation of compounds which form "Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer" (TICT) excited states, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. 86 (1982) 1970-1976.

Twist angle dependent Mesomerism and Spectroscopy in substituted anilines: Absorption and Fluorescence Spectra of indoline derivatives as planar model compounds, W. Rettig, K. Rotkiewicz, W. Rubaszewska, Spectrochimica Acta, 40A (1984) 241-249

The Interaction of close lying excited States: Solvent Influence on fluorescence rate and polarization in substituted indolines., G. Wermuth, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. 88 (1984) 2729-2735.

The Kinetics of formation of twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) states in p-cyano and p-ethoxycarbonyl dialkylanilines. Consequences of conical intersections along the reaction coordinate, W. Rettig, G. Wermuth, J. Photochem. 28 (1985) 351-366

The dependence of intramolecular rotation on the twist angle. A fluorescence, UV absorption and photoelectron spectroscopic study. W. Rettig, R. Gleiter, J. Phys. Chem., 89 (1985) 4676-4680.

Solvent Polarity Dependent Formation Dynamics of TICT States. I. Differential Solvatokinetics, W. Retti,g Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 95 (1991) 259-263

State Mixing in Indoline Derivatives. A Steady State and Dynamical Fluorescence Spectroscopic Study, F. Heisel, J.A. Miehé, C. Eckert, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett., 187 (1991) 45-52

Molecular Structure and the Temperature-Dependent Radiative Rates in TICT and Exciplex Systems, M. Van der Auweraer, Z. R. Grabowski, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. 95 (1991) 2083-2092.

Considerations on the Dipole Moment of TICT State Forming Molecules; W. Baumann, H. Bischof, J.-C. Fröhling, C. Brittinger, W. Rettig, K. Rotkiewicz, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 64 (1992) 49-72

Stochastic model for solvent-assisted intramolecular charge-transfer; A. Polimeno, A. Barbon, P. L. Nordio, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. 98 (1994) 12158-68.

Formation and Stabilization of Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer States in Binary Mixed Solvents G. Köhler, K. Rechthaler, K. Rotkiewicz, W. Rettig, Chem. Physics, 207 (1996) 85-101.

Excitation energy dependence of the kinetics of charge-transfer formation, D. Braun, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 268 (1997) 110-116.

Combination of Pressure and Temperature Dependent Measurements: A Simple Access to Intrinsic Thermal Activation Energies, W. Rettig, R. Fritz, D. Braun, J. Phys. Chem. A 101 (1997) 6830-6835.

Time-resolved Spectroscopy of DMABN and Its Cage Derivatives 6-Cyanobenzquinuclidine (CBQ) and Benzquinuclidine (BQ), T. Okada, M. Uesugi, G. Köhler, K. Rechthaler, K. Rotkiewicz, W. Rettig, G. Grabner, Chem. Phys. 241 (1999) 327-337.

Pseudo-Jahn-Teller and TICT-Models: A Photophysical Comparison of meta- and para-DMABN Derivatives, W. Rettig, B. Bliss, K. Dirnberger, Chem. Phys. Lett. 305 (1999) 8-14.

Do Twisting and Pyramidalization contribute to the Reaction Coordinate of Charge Transfer Formation in DMABN and Derivatives? W. Rettig, B. Zietz ,Chem. Phys. Lett. 317 (2000) 187-196.

Mechanistic Considerations for the Dual Fluorescence of Dimethylamino-benzonitrile: A Fluorescence Anisotropy Study, W. Rettig, S. Lutze, Chem.Phys. Lett. 341 (2001) 263-271.

Ultrafast charge transfer via a conical intersection in dimethylamino-benzonitrile, W. Fuß, K.K. Pushpa, W. Rettig, W.E. Schmid, S.A. Trushin, Photochem. Photobiol. Sciences 2002, vol. 1, p. 255-262.

Intramolecular charge transfer properties of a molecule with a large donor group: The case of 4'-(1-pyrenyl)benzonitrile, J. Dobkowski, W. Rettig, J. Waluk, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2002, 4, 4334 - 4339.  

A Comparative Theoretical Study on DMABN: Significance of Excited State Optimized Geometries and Direct Comparison of Methodologies, A.B.J. Parusel, W. Rettig, W. Sudholt, J. Phys. Chem. A: 106 (2002) 804-815.

Substituent-Induced Coupling of the Two Lowest Excited Singlet States of 2-Methoxy-Derivatives of 4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)- and 4-(N-Methylamino)-benzonitrile, K. Rotkiewicz, W. Rettig,  N. Detzer, A. Rothe,  Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5 (2003) 998-1002.

Entropic Effects in Excited State CT Reactions, A.Pigliucci, E. Vauthey, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 469 (2009) 115-120

 

Diphenyl- and Triphenylmethane dyes and bridged model compounds

Efficient Intramolecular fluorescence quenching in Triphenyl-methane- dyes involving excited states with charge separation and twisted conformations, M. Vogel, W. Rettig, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 89 (1985) 962-968

Dual fluorescence of 4,4'- dimethylamino- and 4,4'- diaminophenyl sulfone. Consequences of d-orbital participation on the intramolecular charge separation, W. Rettig, E.A. Chandross, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107 (1985) 5617-5624.

Excited State Dynamics of Triphenylmethane-Dyes used for Investigation of Microviscosity Effects, M. Vogel, W. Rettig, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 91 (1987) 1241-1247

Structural Relaxation of Rhodamine Dyes with different N-Substitution Pattern, M. Vogel, W. Rettig, R. Sens, K.H. Drexhage, Chem. Phys. Lett., 147 (1988) 452-460

Evidence for the Formation of Biradicaloid-Charge-Transfer (BCT)-states in Xanthene and related Dyes, M. Vogel, W. Rettig, R. Sens, K.H. Drexhage, Chem. Phys. Lett., 147 (1988) 461-465

Nonradiative Deactivation via Biradicaloid-Charge-Transfer-States in Oxazine and Thiazine Dyes, M. Vogel, W. Rettig, U. Fiedeldei, H. Baumgärtel, Chem. Phys. Lett., 148 (1988) 347.

Ultrafast Internal Charge Transfer in a Donor-Modified Rhodamine, P. Plaza, N. Dai Hung, M.M. Martin, Y.H. Meyer, M. Vogel, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 168 (1992) 365-373

Intramolecular Fluorescence Quenching in substituted Benzopyrylium Dyes: Competing Adiabatic Photoreactioins towards Nonradiative Funnels, G. Haucke, P. Czerney, D. Steen, W. Rettig, H. Hartmann, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 97 (1993) 561-570

Excited state dynamics of a julolidino analogue of crystal violet: A relaxation path through a conical intersection?, M. Jurczok, P. Plaza, M.M. Martin, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A 103 (1999) 3372-3377.

 

Charge Transfer in biaryls and other compounds

On Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer (TICT) stated in N-aryl-carbazoles, W. Rettig, M. Zander, Chem. Phys. Letter 87 (1982) 229-234

Broken Symmetry in excited States of 9,9'-Bianthryl, Ber. W. Rettig, M. Zander, Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 87 (1983) 1143-1149

Charge Transfer in Symmetric and Symmetry-Disturbed Derivatives of 9,9'-Bianthryl, N. Mataga, H. Yao, T. Okada, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem., 93 (1989) 3383-3386

Molecular Conformation and Biradicaloid Charge Transfer States in Substituted N-Phenyl-Pyrroles, New J. Chemistry, 14 (1990) 819-824

Pressure Dependence of the Kinetics of photo- induced intramolecular Charge Separation in 9,9'-Bianthryl monitored by picosecond transient Absorption: Comparison with Electron Transfer in Photosynthesis, W. Rettig, F. Marschner, H. Lueck, M.W. Windsor, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. 94 (1990) 4550-4559.

Multiple Emitting Species and Competing Intramolecular Fluorescence Quenching in 9,9’-Dianthrylmethanol and Model Compounds; C. Cornelißen, W. Rettig, J.-P. Desvergne, H. Bouas-Laurent, Chem. Phys. Lett. 239 (1995) 290-98.

Radiative Depopulation of the Excited Intramolecular Charge Transfer State of 9-(4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)phenyl)phenanthrene, A. Onkelinx, F.C. DeSchryver, L. Viaene, M. Van der Auweraer, K. Iwai, M. Yamamoto, M. Ichikawa, H. Masuhara, M. Maus, W. Rettig, J. Amer. Chem. Soc.118 (1996) 2892-2902.

The electronic structure of 4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)-4’-cyano-biphenyl and its planar and twisted model compounds, M. Maus, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 218 (1997) 151-162.

Solvent and conformation dependent electron transfer interactions in flexible biaromatic compounds: The case of 9-(dimethylanilino) phenanthrene, M. Maus, W. Rettig, S. Depaemelaere, A. Onkelinx, F.C. De Schryver, K. Iwai Chem. Phys. Lett. 292 (1998) 115-124.

Sub-picosecond Transient Absorption of Donor-Acceptor Biphenyls. Intramolecular Control of the Excited State Charge Transfer Processes by a Weak Electronic Coupling, M. Maus, W. Rettig, G. Jonusauskas, R. Lapouyade, C. Rulliere, J. Phys. Chem. A 102 (1998) 7393-7405.

Photoinduced Intramolecular Charge Transfer in a Series of Differently Twisted Donor-Acceptor Biphenyls as Revealed by Fluorescence, M. Maus, W. Rettig, D. Bonafoux, R. Lapouyade, J. Phys. Chem. A 103 (1999) 3388-3401.

Excited State Relaxation Paths in 9,9'-Bianthryl and 9-Carbazolyl-Anthracene: A sub-ps Transient Absorption Study, M. Jurczok, P. Plaza, M.M. Martin, Y.H. Meyer, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 253 (2000) 339-349.

Electronic Relaxations in Donor-Acceptor Biphenyls, M. Maus, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 324 (2000) 57-63.

Ultrafast Electron Transfer in Acceptor Substituted Bianthryl Derivatives, M. Jurczok, P. Plaza, W. Rettig, M.M. Martin, Chem. Phys. 256 (2000) 137-148.

The Influence of Conformation and Energy Gaps on Optical Transition Moments in D-A Biphenyls., M. Maus, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 261 (2000) 323-337.

Electron Transfer and Solvation in 9,9'-Bianthryl and Derivatives: A subps Fluorescence Upconversion Study, M. Jurczok, T. Gustavsson, J.-C. Mialocq, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 344 (2001) 357-366.

Comparison of the Bandshape and Lifetime Data Analysis of Temperature-Dependent Fluorescence Measurements. A new Approach to Reveal an Excited State Conformational Equilibrium, M. Maus, W. Rettig, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3 (2001) 5430-5437.

Aniline Dimers and Trimers as Model Compounds for Polyaniline: Steric Control of Charge Separation Properties, S. Kapelle, W. Rettig. R. Lapouyade, Chem. Phys. Lett. 348 (2001) 416-424.

The Excited State Equilibrium Between Two Rotational Conformers of a Sterically Restricted Donor-Acceptor Biphenyl as Characterised by Global Fluorescence Decay Analysis, M. Maus, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A: 106 (2002)  2104-2111.

Dual fluorescence of phenyl and biphenyl substituted pyrene derivatives, W. Weigel, W. Rettig, M. Dekhtyar, C. Modrakowski, M. Beinhoff, A.D. Schlüter, J. Phys. Chem. A, 107 (2003) 5941-47.

Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Bianthryl and Cyanobianthryl in Solution: The Case for a High-Frequency Intramolecular Reaction Coordinate, S. A. Kovalenko, J. L. Pérez Lustres, N. P. Ernsting, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A, 107 (2003) 10228-10232.  

Photophysical properties of pyrrolobenzenes with different linking and substitution pattern: The transition between charge transfer states with large (MICT) and small (TICT) resonance interaction, S. Murali, P. Changenet-Barret, C. Ley, P. Plaza; W. Rettig, M.M. Martin, R. Lapouyade, Chem. Phys. Lett. 411 (2005) 192-197

Mesomeric and twisted intramolecular charge transfer states as a key to polarity-dependent fluorescence of donor-acceptor substituted arylpyrenes, M. Dekhtyar, W. Rettig, W. Weigel, Chem. Phys. 344 (2008) 237-250

Control of Charge Transfer by Conformational and Electronic Effects: Donor-Donor and Donor-Acceptor Phenyl-Pyrroles, A. Neubauer, J. Bendig, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 358 (2009) 235-244

Experimental and Theoretical Study of Excited State Structure and Relaxation Processes of Betaine-30 and of Pyridinium Model Compounds, W. Rettig, V. Kharlanov, J. of Phys. Chem. A 113 (2009) 10693-10703

Two Heterocyclic Merocyanine Classes and their Optical Properties in Relation to the Donor-Acceptor Strength of End Substituents, W. Rettig, M. L. Dekhtyar, A. I. Tolmachev, V. V. Kurdyukov, Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds, 47, (2012) 1244-1257

Excited-state dynamics of phenol–pyridinium biaryls, JP. Malval, H. Chaumeil, W. Rettig, V. Kharlanov, V. Diemer, E. Ay, F. Morlet-Savaryd, O. Poizat, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14 (2012) 562-574

 

Applicational aspects of adiabatic photoreactions
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Reviews

Fluorescence Probes Based upon Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer TICT States and other Adiabatic Photoreactions.- W. Rettig, R. Lapouyade in: Topics in Fluorescence Spectroscopy, Ed. J. R. Lakowicz, Plenum Press, New York, Vol. 4 (1994) 109-149

Luminescent and nonluminescent Twisted Intramolecular Charge Transfer (TICT) States: Dipole Moments and Applications.- W. Rettig, W. Baumann in: Photochemistry and Photophysics, Ed.: J. F. Rabek, CRC Press, Inc, Boca Raton, Vol. VI (1992) 79-134

From Cyanines to Styryl Bases – Photophysical Properties, Photochemical Mechanisms, and Cation Sensing Abilities of Charged and Neutral Polymethinic Dyes W. Rettig, K. Rurack, M. Sczepan, in "New trends in Fluorescence Spectrocopy. Applications to Chemical and Life Sciences",  B. Valeur and J.C. Brochon, eds., Springer Verlag, Berlin, 2001, p. 125-155 (ISBN 3-540-67779-8)

Applied Fluorescence in Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine, Editors: W. Rettig, B. Strehmel, S. Schrader, H. Seifert, Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, 1998, ISBN 3-540-64451-2

 

Polymer Fluorescence probes

Free Volume Sensing Fluorescent Probes, K.A. Al-Hassan, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Letters, 126 (1986) 273

Photochemical Fluorescence Probes: Rate distributions in solid polymers, R. Fritz, A. Kungl, W. Rettig, J. Springer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 260 (1996) 409-417.

Synthesis and Spectroscopic Properties of Arene Substituted Pyrene Derivatives as Model Compounds for Fluorescent Polarity Probes, M. Beinhoff, W. Weigel, M. Jurczok, W. Rettig, C. Modrakowski, I. Brüdgam, H. Hartl, A. D. Schlüter  Eur. J. Org. Chem. (2001) 3819-3829.

Phenylene Alkylene Dendrons with Site-Specific Incorporated Fluorescent Pyrene Probes  M. Beinhoff, W. Weigel, W. Rettig, I. Bruedgam, H. Hartl, A.D. Schlüter, J. Org. Chem. 70 (2005) 6583.

 

Analytical fluorescence probes for metal ions

New Intrinsic Fluoroionophores with Dual Fluorescence: DMABN-Crown4 and DMABN-Crown5; J.F. Létard, S. Delmond, R. Lapouyade, D. Braun, W. Rettig, M. Kreissler: Rec. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas 114 (1995) 517-527

Global analysis of time-resolved emission – A powerful tool for the analytical discrimination of chemically similar ZnII and CdII complexes, K. Rurack, U. Resch-Genger, W. Rettig, J. Photochem. Photobiol A: Chem. 118 (1998) 143-149.

Syntheses and Photophysical Properties of a Series of Cation-Sensitive Polymethine and Styryl Dyes, J.L. Bricks, M.A. Kudinova, U. Resch-Genger, W. Rettig, K. Rurack, J.L. Slominskii, A.I. Tolmachev, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 132 (2000) 193-208.

Unusually high cation-induced fluorescence enhancement of a structrally simple intrinsic fluoroionophore with a donor-acceptor-donor constitution, K. Rurack, W. Rettig, U. Resch-Genger, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. (2000) 407-408.

Correlations between complex stability and charge distribution in the ground state for CaII and NaI complexes of charge transfer chromo- and fluoroionophores, K. Rurack, M. Sczepan, M. Spieles, U. Resch-Genger, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320 (2000) 87-94.

Design of an Efficient Charge-Transfer Processing Molecular System Containing a Weak Electron Donor: Spectroscopic and Redox Properties and cation-induced Fluorescence Enhancement, M. Kollmannsberger , K. Rurack, U. Resch-Genger, W. Rettig, J. Daub, Chem. Phys. Lett. 329 (2000) 363-369.

Bifunctional charge transfer operated fluorescent probes with acceptor and donor receptors. 1. Biphenyl-type sensor molecules with protonation-induced anti-energy gap rule behaviour, U. Resch-Genger, Y. Q. Li, J. L. Bricks, V. Kharlanov, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A 10 (2006) 10956-10971

Bifunctional Charge Transfer Operated Fluorescent Probes with Acceptor and Donor Receptors. 2. Bifunctional Cation Coordination Behavior of Biphenyl-Type Sensor Molecules Incorporating 2,2':6',2''-Terpyridine Acceptors, Y. Q. Li, J. L. Bricks, U. Resch-Genger, M. Spieles, W. Rettig, J.. Phys. Chem. A (2006), 110(38), 10972-10984

CT-Operated Bifunctional Fluorescent Probe Based on a Pretwisted Donor-Donor-Biphenyl, Y.Q. Li, J.L. Bricks, U. Resch-Genger, M. Spieles, W. Rettig, J. Fluorescence  16 (2006), 337-348

Photophysical and Complexation Properties of Benzenesulfonamide Derivatives with Different Donor and Acceptor Moieties, G. Özturk, M. Förstel, Y. Ergun, S. Alp, W. Rettig, J. Fluorescence 18 (2008) 1007-19

 

Control of Photoacidity

Electronic Determinants of Photoacidity in Cyanonaphthols, N. Agmon, W. Rettig, C. Groth, J. Amer. Chem. Soc.124 (2002) 1089–1096.

Enhancement of photoacidity by formation of an intramolecular charge transfer state with twisted conformation, B. Szczepanik, R. Obara, A. Rothe, W. Rettig, M. Stachera, K. Rotkiewicz, Polish Journal of Chem. 82 (2008) 807-829

 

Optimization of Fluorescence Quantum Yields

Intramolecular Fluorescence Quenching in substituted Benzopyrylium Dyes: Competing Adiabatic Photoreactioins towards Nonradiative Funnels; G. Haucke, P. Czerney, D. Steen, W. Rettig, H. Hartmann, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 97 (1993) 561-570

Quantum Yield Switching of Fluorescence by Selectively Bridging Single and Double Bonds in Chalcones: Involvement of Two Different Types of Conical Intersections, K. Rurack, M.L. Dekhtyar, J.L. Bricks, U. Resch-Genger, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A 103 (1999) 9626-9635.

1,3-Diphenyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]quinoline: A Versatile Fluorophore for the Design of Brightly Emissive Molecular Sensors, K. Rurack, A. Danel, K. Rotkiewicz, D. Grabka, M. Spieles, W. Rettig, Org. Lett. 4 (2002) 4647-4650

 

Fluorescence Solar Concentrators

Molecular Engineering of Cyanine-type Fluorescence and Laser Dyes; P. Czerney, G. Graneß, E. Birckner, F. Vollmer, W. Rettig, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 89 (1995) 31-36.

Fluorescence Loss Mechanism due to Large Amplitude motions in Derivatives of 2,2'-Bipyridyl exhibiting Excited State Intramolecular Proton Transfer and Perspectives of Luminescence Solar Concentrators, F. Vollmer, W. Rettig, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem. 95 (1996) 143-155.

 

Ultracold molecules in the gas phase: Supersonic jet studies
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Intramolecular Charge Transfer studied in Supersonic Jet Expansions by Laser Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy, J. August, T.F. Palmer, J.P. Simons, C. Jouvet, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Letters 145 (1988) 273-279

Torsional band assignment and intramolecular twist potential of 9,9'- bianthryl and its 10-cyano derivative in a free jet, A. Subaric-Leitis, Ch. Monte, A. Roggan, W. Rettig, P. Zimmermann, J. Heinze, J. Chem. Phys. 93 (1990) 4543-4555

Resonance effects of diabatic surface crossing within the torsonial spectrum of 9-(N-carbazolyl)anthracene observed by supersonic jet fluorescence spectroscopy; C. Monte, A. Roggan, A. Subaric-Leitis, W. Rettig, P. Zimmermann, J. Chem. Phys. 98 (1993) 2580-2592.

Photochemistry in Jet- cooled Aniline Derivatives; C. Dedonder-Lardeux, C. Jouvet, S. Martrenchard, D. Solgadi, J. McCombie, B. D. Howells, T. F. Palmer, A. Subaric-Leitis, C. Monte, W. Rettig, P. Zimmermann, Chem. Phys.191 (1995) 271-287.

Supersonic Jet and Solution Studies of Intramolecular complexes with TICT formation mimicking solute-solvent interaction, B. Bliß, U. Lommatzsch, C. Monte, W. Rettig, B. Brutschy, Chem. Phys. 254 (2000) 407-420.

Fluorescence of solvent-complexed aminobenzonitriles in a supersonic jet, U. Lommatzsch, A. Gerlach, C. Lahmann, A. Schmidt, U. Verleger, B. Brutschy, W. Rettig, J. Herbich, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3 (2001) 74-79.

Absorption- and Fluorescence Excitation Spectra of 9-(N-carbazolyl)-anthracene: Effects of Intramolecular Vibrational Redistribution and diabatic transitions involving electron transfer, F. Evers, J. Giraud-Girard, S. Grimme, J. Manz, C. Monte, M. Oppel ,W. Rettig, P. Saalfrank, P. Zimmermann, J. Phys. Chem. 105 (2001) 2911-2924.

Jet cooled spectra of pyrrolobenzene and of pyrrolobenzonitrile: the nature of the excited states, L. Belau, Y. Haas, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 364 (2002) 157-163.

Ultrafast charge transfer and coherent oscillations in 4-piperidino-benzonitrile, T. Yatsuhashi, S.A. Trushin, W. Fuß, W. Rettig, W.E. Schmid, S. Zilberg, Chem. Phys. 296 (2004) 1-12.

Dual Emission of 4-(1H-Pyrrol-1-yl)benzonitrile Clusters with Acetonitrile in a Supersonic Jet and Its Absence in Phenylpyrrole Clusters, L. Belau, Y. Haas, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A, 108 (2004) 3916-3925.

 

The Photophysics of Stilbene and polymethine derivatives: Single versus double bond twisting

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The Photophysics of Donor-Acceptor Substituted Stilbenes. A time-resolved Fluorescence Study using selectively Bridged Dimethylamino-Cyano Model Compounds; R. Lapouyade, K. Czeschka, W. Majenz, W. Rettig, E. Gilabert, C. Rulliere, J. Phys. Chem. 96 (1992) 9643-9650.

Structure-Photophysics Correlations in a series of 4- (N,N-dialkylamino)Stilbenes: Intramolecular Charge Transfer in the Excited State as related to the twist around the single bonds; J. F. Létard, R. Lapouyade, W. Rettig, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115 (1993) 2441-2447.

Structure-Photophysics Correlations in a series of 4-(N,N-dialkylamino)-Stilbenes: Intramolecular Charge Transfer in the Excited State as related to the twist around the single bonds, J.F. Létard, R. Lapouyade, W. Rettig, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115 (1993) 2441-2447

Multidimensional Photochemistry in 4-(N,N- Dimethylamino)stilbene; J. F. Létard, R. Lapouyade, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 186 (1994) 119-131

Photophysical Properties of Fluorescence Probes II:  A Model of Multiple Fluorescence for Stilbazolium Dyes Studied by Global Analysis and Quantum Chemical Calculations, B. Strehmel, H. Seifert, W. Rettig J. Phys. Chem.B 101 (1997) 2232-2243.

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Donor-Acceptor-Polyenes. I: All-trans-4-dimethylamino-4'-cyano-1,4-diphenylbutadiene (DCB), H. Braatz, S. Hecht, H. Seifert, S. Helm, J. Bendig, W. Rettig, J. Photochem. Photobiol A: Chem. 123 (1999) 99-108.

Small S0-S1 energy gaps for certain twisted conformations of unsymmetric polymethine dyes: Quantum chemical treatment and spectroscopic manifestations, M. Dekhtyar, W. Rettig, M. Sczepan, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2 (2000) 1129-1136.

Femto- and picosecond fluorescence studies of solvation and nonradiative deactivation of ionic styryl dyes in liquid solution, M.J. van der Meer, H. Zhang, W. Rettig, M. Glasbeek, Chem. Phys. Lett. 320 (2000) 673-680.

Polyenic/polymethinic relationships for donor-acceptor substituted stilbenoids: Structural, electronic and spectroscopic aspects, M. Dekhtyar, W. Rettig, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3 (2001) 1602-1610.

The role of internal twisting in the photophysics of stilbazolium dyes, M. Sczepan, W. Rettig, A.I. Tolmachev, V.V. Kurdyukov, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 3 (2001) 3555-3561.

Merocyanines: polyene-polymethine transition in donor-acceptor-substituted stilbenes and polyenes, W. Rettig, M. Dekhtyar, Chem. Phys. 293 (2003) 75-90.

Femtosecond dynamics of the S2 and S1 fluorescence of ionic styryl dyes in polar solvents, H. Wang , H. Zhang , W. Rettig , A. I. Tolmachev, M. Glasbeek, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6 (2004) 3437–3446.

Model studies of spectral and photophysical characteristics of a series of donor-acceptor-polyenes of different length, H. El-Gezawy, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 327 (2006) 385-394

Excited-State Relaxation of Bridged and Unbridged Anilino-Pyridinium Dyes, V. Kharlanov, W. Rettig, Chem. Phys. 332 (2007) 17-26

Charge-transfer transitions in twisted stilbenoids: Interchangeable features and generic distinctions of single- and double-bond twists, M. Dekhtyar, W. Rettig, J. Phys. Chem. A 111 (2007) 2035-2039

 

Studies related to the primary process of vision and to other biological processes


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Blue-Fluorescent Antibodies, A. Simeonov, M. Matsushita, E.A. Juban, E.H.Z. Thompson, T.Z. Hoffman, A.E. Beuscher IV, M.J. Taylor, P. Wirsching, W. Rettig, J.K. McCusker, R.C. Stevens, D.P. Millar, P.G. Schultz, R.A. Lerner, K.D. Janda, Science 290 (2000) 307-313.

Donor-bridge-acceptor energetics determine the Distance Dependence of Electron Tunneling in DNA, F.D. Lewis, J. Liu, W. Weigel, W. Rettig, I.V. Kurnikov, D.N. Beratan, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA 99 (2002) 12536-12541.

New fluorescent probes for visual proteins. Part I. Photophysical properties of 3-(oxo)propenyl-p-(N,N-dimethylamino)-benzoate, V. Papper, V. Kharlanov, W. Rettig, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 4 (2002) 1752-59.

New fluorescent probes for visual proteins. Part II. 5-(oxo)penta-2,4-dienyl-p-(N,N-dimethylamino)benzoate, V. Papper, V. Kharlanov, S. Schädel, D. Maretzki, W. Rettig, Photochem. Photobiol. Sciences 2 (2003) 1272-1286.

Spectral and Photophysical Characteristics of Unsymmetric Polymethine Dyes as Model Compounds for the Colour Shift of Visual Pigments, M. Sczepan, W. Rettig, Alexei I. Tolmachev, Photochem. Photobiol Sciences, 2 (2003) 1264-1271.

Probing the Photochemical Mechanism in Photoactive Yellow Protein, H. El-Gezawy, W. Rettig, A. Danel, G. Jonusauskas, J. Phys. Chem. B 109 (2005) 18699-18705

Model Systems for the Investigation of the Colour Shift in Vision Chromophores, L. Lasogga, W. Rettig, H. Otto, I. Wallat, J. Bricks, J. Phys. Chem. A 114 (2010) 2179-2188

Optical, Redox, and DNA Binding Properties of Phenanthridinium Chromophores: Elucidating the Role of the Phenyl Substituent for Fluorescence Enhancement of Ethidium in the Presence of DNA, C. Prunkl, M. Pichlmaier, R. Winter, V. Kharlanov, W. Rettig, H.-A. Wagenknecht, Chem. Eur. J. 16 (2010) 3392-3402